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Famous Inventor
Alexander Bereznyak - first rocket-powered fighter aircraft, BI-1
Alexander Bereznyak -  first rocket-powered fighter aircraft, BI-1Alexander Yakovlevich Bereznyak (December 29 [O.S. 16 December] 1912–July 7, 1974) was a Soviet aircraft and missile designer. He was the Chief Designer of MKB "Raduga", from March 1957.

He was born on 29 December, 1912 in Boyarkino, Ozerski District, Moscow Region. Alexander Bereznyak was a Soviet aircraft designer, a doctor of technical science (1968), and an honoured worker of science and technology in the RSFSR (1973). He became a member of the CPSU in 1932. He was employed in aviation industries since 1931. Bereznyak was a Graduate of the Moscow Aviation Institute named after Ordzhonikidze (1938). He was an engineer in the experimental design bureau of V.F.Bolkhovitinov While working in the bureau, he designed the first soviet jet, the BI-1, which was equipped with liquid fuel to power a rocket engine. The BI-1 was created in 1942 in co-operation with A.M.Isayev). He became Vice-chief designer of OKB-2 in 1946, later to become The chief designer in 1957. Bereznyak was later awarded with the Lenin Prize,the USSR State Prize, the Order of Lenin,the Order of October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and numerous medals. He died on 7 July 1974 in Dubna, Moscow region.
 Aircraft (conventional)

    * BI-1 -- World's first rocket fighter built by Bereznyak and Isaev BI (1942), a small straight-wing aircraft. Eight of such were built. It flew earlier (first flights without engine in Autumn 1941, 15 May 1942 first jet flight by test pilot captain G.Ya.Bakhchivandzhu) similar to notorious Me-163 Komet. Although not as advanced, it had impressive performance and armament. The BI was the world's first rocket-engined fighter, but production was cancelled after a crash (27 March 1943,the test pilot captain, G.Ya.Bakhchivandzhu was killed) revealed serious handling problems. One was fitted with ramjet engines in an attempt to extend the range.
    * BI-7 -- serial (20..25 units) version. mostly similar to BI-1.
    * 302P
    * 346 -- experimental, trans-sonic speed, 1946.
    * 468 -- jet, project, 1948..1949.

The initial version of this article was based on material from aviation.ru. It has been released under the GFDL by the copyright holder.
 References

    * Great Soviet Encyclopedia, Vol.30, 3rd edition, Moscow, 1978, p.579.
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