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Famous Inventor
Nicolas Appert - "father of canning"
Nicolas Appert  - "father of canning"Nicolas Appert (17 November 1749 – 1 June 1841 Massy), was born in Châlons-en-Champagne and was the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the "father of canning," was a confectioner.

In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte offered an award of 12,000 francs to anyone who could devise a practical method for food preservation for armies on the march; he is widely reported as saying "An army marches on its stomach". After some 14 or 15 years of experiment, Appert submitted his invention and won the prize in 1810. The following year, Appert published L'Art de conserver les substances animales et végétales (or The Art of Preserving Animal and Vegetable Substancess). This was the first cookbook of its kind on modern food preservation methods

The House of Appert became the first commercial cannery in the world, nearly 100 years before Louis Pasteur proved that heat killed bacteria. Appert patented his invention and established a business to preserve a variety of food in sealed bottles. Appert's method was to fill thick, large-mouthed glass bottles with produce of every description, ranging from beef, fowl, eggs, milk, and prepared dishes (according to sources). His greatest success for publicity was an entire sheep. He left air space at the top of the bottle, and the cork would then be sealed firmly in the jar by using a vise. The bottle was then wrapped in canvas to protect it, while it was dunked into boiling water and then boiled for as much time as Appert deemed appropriate for cooking the contents thoroughly.

In honour of Appert, canning is sometimes called "appertisation", but should be distinguished from pasteurization. Appert's early attempts at food preservation by boiling involved cooking the food to a temperature far in excess of what is used in pasteurization (70 °C (158 °F)), and can destroy some of the flavour of the preserved food.

Appert's method was so simple and workable, that it quickly became widespread. In 1810, fellow Frenchman Peter Durand patented his own method, but this time in a tin can, so creating the modern-day process of canning foods. In 1812 Englishmen Bryan Donkin and John Hall purchased both patents and began producing preserves. Just a decade later, the Appert method of canning had made its way to America. Tin can mass production was however not common until the beginning of the 20th century, partly because the they were difficult to open until the can opener was invented.

 Posthumous honors

Nicolas Appert, par Richard Bruyère à Massy 1999

In 1991, a monumental statue Appert, a work in bronze of the artist Jean-Robert Ipousteguy, was erected in Châlons-en-Champagne. The plaque affixed to his birthplace in 1986.

In 1999, by Richard Bruyère busts Appert erected in Institute of Food Technologists I.F.T. Chicago (USA), Massy, and Museum of Fine Arts in Châlons en Champagne.

A room Appert of the Museum of Fine Arts and Archeology of Chalons en Champagne him, (collection Jean Paul Barbier and AINA detail objects on the site of the international association Nicolas Appert http://www.appert-aina.com)

65 streets Nicolas Appert in France and one in Canada.

Stamp France 1955.

Nicolas Appert Year 2010 "French national celebration":

    * Stamp Appert project in 2010 the Principality of Monaco.

    * Exhibition in 2010: "Box Set" Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie de Châlons-en-Champagne ...

 Nicolas Appert Award

Since 1942, each year the Chicago Section of the Institute of Food Technologists awards the Nicholas Appert Award, recognizing lifetime achievement in food technology.

 Study Association

The Study Association of the Food Technology education at Wageningen University in The Netherlands is called Nicolas Appert (study association). Since 1972 this association has focused on improving the courses related to food technology education and organises several events each year for students and alumni. Currently almost 300 students (BSc/MSc level) are members. In 2007 the association celebrated its 9th lustrum.

The website of the association In Dutch, English and some parts in Chinese.

 Sources

    * "Nicolas Appert inventeur et humaniste" by Jean-Paul Barbier, édition Royer, Paris, 1994 (ISBN 2-908670-17-8)
    * "Encyclopedia of World Biography Supplement", Vol. 20. Gale Group, 2000.
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